Boston is one of the oldest cities in the United States and is the capital city of Massachusetts. The city is home to more than 600,000 inhabitants with 4.5 million citizens in the nearby greater metropolitan area. Boston is rich with a diverse culture and long history, starting with its beginning as an early American colony. The city is home to 21 officially recognized neighborhoods, each with their own distinct features. The city's coastal location produces cold, snowy winters and warm, humid summers.
The city played an integral part of early American history and was the site of many important historical events of the era. The city's history began with its founding in September 17, 1630, led by a group of Puritans from England. The town borrowed its name from a city in England. More than a hundred years later, Boston was the witness to many events important to the United States as the colonists struggled against England's rule. It was in Boston that famous Boston Tea Party occurred. Boston was also the site of the grisly Boston Massacre. These events created more friction between the colonists and the British troops, which would later lead to a full war. Several important battles during the Revolutionary War occurred near Boston, including the Battle of Bunker Hill.
By this point, Boston's prominence had faded in favor of other American cities, but the city still remained a strong port with a variety of imports and exports. The city continued to grow in size by converting nearby wetlands and marshes into useable ground for expansion. Prior to the beginning of the American Civil War, Boston was home to the major abolitionist movement to free the slaves in the United States. Once the war began, Boston played an important role by manufacturing arms and other equipment for Union soldiers.
After the Civil War ended, Boston's manufacturing section declined, leaving the city with an uncertain future. One notable tragic event in Boston's history occurred on January 15, 1919, when a tank of molasses collapsed and flooded the streets. Almost two-dozen people died in the accident, and it took months to clean up the aftermath. During World War II, Boston once again proved useful with manufacturing. After the war, the manufacturing field declined once more. However, Boston was already proving itself in other fields, including technology, education, banking and healthcare. Today, Boston's future remains bright as it serves as a leader in many fields.