Founded in 1839, Boston University, which is often referred to as BU, is located in Boston, Massachusetts. A research university, BU has more than 33,000 students and 10,000 plus faculty members. Boston's largest employer, it is one of the largest private universities in the United States. With 7 Nobel Prize winners amidst its faculty and alumni, there are also 22 Pulitzer Prize winners and numerous Guggenheim and MacArthur fellows. Martin Luther King, Jr. received his PhD here in 1955. The University Motto is Learning, Virtue, Piety. BU offers degrees through 18 schools, and has 75 study abroad programs, in 20 countries.
Boston University was first established as a Methodist theological school, located in Newbury, Vermont; the school was known as the Newbury Bible Institute. In 1869, the Massachusetts Legislature approved the charter for Boston University. The three founding fathers were Isaac Rich, Lee Claflin and Jacob Sleeper, for whom three of the West Campus dormitories are now named.
With Rhett, the Boston terrier as their mascot, The Boston University Terriers complete in the NCAA Division I category. Sports include: basketball, golf, swimming, tennis, rowing, soccer, track and wrestling. They are known for their men's hockey team. The Lady Terriers compete in the following sports as well: track, cross country, field hockey, ice hockey, rowing, basketball, softball, dance and tennis. Having won five national championships, BU's most recent win was in 2009 in men's ice hockey. Team colors are scarlet and white.
The Boston University main campus is urban, and encompasses an area of 133 acres; it runs along Commonwealth Avenue. The campus is located along the Charles River near the Fenway-Kenmore, Brookline and Allston neighborhoods. This area is known for the Museum of Fine Arts, Landsdown Street, and the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. The Allston neighborhood was nicknamed Allston Rock City in the 1960s and became Boston's largest bohemian neighborhood. Home to many artists and musicians, there are also several cafes and small music halls located in the area. The Boston University Medical Campus is located on 80 acres, which is situated in a neighborhood known as Boston's South End. The Boston University Bridge that runs over the Charles River into Cambridge is considered the dividing line between the two campuses. Most of the campus classrooms are concentrated here, with the athletic facilities located on the West Campus.